Martin was born in 316 to Sabaria in Pannonie ( current Hungary). He crosses(spends) its(his) youth to Pavie in Italy, where his father was military in the army Roman. At the age of 10 years, Martin is interested in the faith and begins his catéchuménat.

At the age of 15 years it(he) was enlisted by force in the army Roman. It(he) made(did) so its(his) service in the cavalry, or it(he) will not exceed the rank of non-commissioned officer.

In 337 in garrison in Amiens, by a winter of big cold, it(he) meets a beggar shivering with cold to whom it(he) gives half of its(his) coat, half because the other half remains the property of the army Roman.

Next night the Christ seems to him(her) dressed in half a coat given to the poor man. In 354 Martin is baptized in Amiens.

In 356 Martin obtains to leave the army. It(he) puts itself in the service of Saint-Hilaire bishop of Poitiers who forms him(it) and orders it exorcist. On the advices of Saint-Hilaire, it(he) settles down as hermit to Ligugé meadows of Poitiers, in an ancient(former) villa Roman closed down in ruin.

It(he) creates Ligugé's convent first convent of long pole, or collects of numerous followers which(who) forms a community at the same moment of monachal prayer and of évangélisation.

Man of prayer it(he) exercises the condolence, cures the patients, this afternoon by of simple remedies and sometimes, by cures extra common it(he) resuscitates even the deaths.

On July 4 371 Martin was elected a bishop of Tours. The Christians of Tours will use(wear out) a guile to attract(entice) Martin, some some go to Ligugé to beg him(it) to come to look after a patient. Dices that it(he) is on the territory of the town and the bishop's palace of Tours, one arrests him(it) and one takes him(it) to the church where immediately one elects him a bishop, in spite of the opposition of considerable gallo-Romans.

Martin takes very in heart his new functions(offices), dices first years of its(his) bishop's load(responsibility) of Tours, he began the construction of Marmoutier's abbey, bit by bit monks' hundred join him(it) in this place. These monks will be sent to base relays in campaigns to strengthen the new communities.

It is from there that Martin evangelizes campaigns, attacking(affecting) in particular the high places of the rural paganism. It(he) challenge the power of the heathen gods and attack(affect) their temples. When the conversions occur, one bases on the spot a church or a hermitage. It is partially thanks to these last ones that the popularity of Holy Martin became so important.

In 397 it(he) left for Candes to restore there the peace in this parish. The peace was restored among the clerks, he thought of returning to Marmoutier when the forces of the body began to abandon him(it), he died in the night from 8 till 9 November. The ceremony of Martin's burial took place on November 11 397 in its city of Tours.


The body was the object of a conflict among the monks of Candes and those of Tours. These last ones managed to appropriate to him(her,it) and returned him(it) in Tours, one calls this episode, the translation of Holy Martin.

It(he) was buried in the place where rose the basilica Holy Martin, she(it) was destroyed(annulled) at the time of the French revolution.


In France more than 450 municipalities and meadows of 5000 churches are dedicated to Saint Martin, it is for Saint Martin whom we owe largely, the destruction of the Celtic and Gallic culture.


J.L 2001-09-01